The following article gives a detailed description of Black vs White sesame and why the black sesame is good for health than that of white sesame.
What is black sesame
Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) belongs to the genus Flax is an important ancient oil crop. The seed coat of sesame seeds varies in color like white sesame, black sesame, and yellow sesame. White and black sesame are the most common types of sesame used. Black sesame seed is one of the most important oilseed crops with rich in oil and more flavorful and has a stronger aroma, which mainly contains fatty acids, vitamins, protein, minerals and main active compounds such as lignans.
What is the white sesame?
White sesame seeds are considered important material for edible oil (50–60%), foods as they enhance the diet with the pleasing aroma and flavor and used as an ingredient in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Compared with white seeds, black sesame seeds usually have higher ash and carbohydrate content, but lower protein, oil, and moisture ratios. A research study reported that white sesame seeds had relatively higher antioxidant capacity compared to gold sesame seeds and ascribed the possible reason for the differences in the contents of antioxidants.
Black sesame seed vs. White sesame seed
Back sesame contains a high amount of essential metabolites such as indole-3-carboxylic acid, hesperidin, 2-methoxycinnamic acid, vitamin B2, coniferyl aldehyde, phloretin, and hyoscyamine than in white sesame seeds which has following benefits (1).
- Hesperidin– Hesperidin shows beneficial effects in the nervous and cardiovascular systems and anti-oxidative, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer properties.
- Methoxycinnamic acid- 2-methoxycinnamic acid contains antibacterial activity and inhibits the proliferation of human osteosarcoma.
- Vitamin B2– Improve eyesight, regulate the metabolism of sugar, fat, and protein, and possesses anti-oxidative and anti-infective properties.
- Anthrasesamone F – Anthrasesamone F exhibit radical scavenging activity, the higher chelating effect on the ferrous ion, and a stronger inhibitory effect on low-density lipoprotein oxidation than extracts from white seeds (2).
High antioxidant capacity- Presence of high amount of sesaminol diglucoside and phenolic compound in the black sesame seed than a white sesame seed (small amount) scavenge harmful radicals from the body and protect against various diseases (3, 4).
Therefore, black sesame seeds more effective as a health food than white or brown sesame seeds