Moringa(Moringa oleifera) also known as drumstick tree or horseradish tree is a native of India and it grows in tropical and subtropical regions. Moringa oleifera tree can withstand extreme conditions of drought and also frost which makes it more favorable to cultivate all around the world. Each and every part of the tree is extremely useful and beneficial therefore it’s helpful in almost every kind of health problems.
Moringa Nutritional Composition
Moringa tree is rich in many nutrients like
- Amino acids – It’s the building block of proteins and the human body is 21% protein.
- Vitamin A (Retinol) – Anti-oxidant, good for vision, Skin & mental health.
- Vitamin B (B-Complex) – Also known as Vitamin B-Complex its combination of 8 vitamins ( B1, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9, B12), it helps in forming red blood cells and supports processes through which body converts food into energy. It’s fat Soluble
- Vitamin C(Ascorbic Acid) – known as ascorbic acid, it helps in the formation of collagen, absorption of iron, strengthens the immune system, maintenance of bones, teeth, and cartilage.
- Vitamin D (Cholecalciferol (D3), Ergocalciferol (D2)) – regulates the absorption of calcium and phosphorous, strengthens the immune system, maintenance of bones, teeth, and cartilage.
- Vitamin E – anti-oxidant, repairs hair and skin, prevents cell damage and helpful in treating fatty liver.
- Minerals (calcium, magnesium, potassium, copper, and iron etc) – benefits on health are multifold on a top-level helps in improving immune, fertility in the body, body functions (Metabolism), heart and bones.
- Flavonoids – responsible for the colors that you see in the food items, it has anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. You can also refer to my research paper
- Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids – essential fatty acids that are not produced by the body and
- Beta-carotene – It’s a precursor to Vitamin A and the body converts beta-carotene in vitamin A.
1. Moringa Leaves
Leaves of Moringa are the rich source of vitamin A (beta-carotene), B (folic acid, pyridoxine and nicotinic acid), C, D and E. Rich in minerals like calcium, magnesium eta and flavonoids, reducing sugars and anticancer compounds. Along with high minerals and vitamins, the leaves are also low in calorie (1).
2. Moringa Pods
Moringa pods are also very rich in nutrients and other compounds, Studies (1) shows that pods are rich in fibers and various types of amino acids and proteins.
3. Moringa Flowers
Moringa flowers are also rich in minerals like calcium and potassium, flavonoids, proteins and amino acids like glutamine, arginine and aspartic acids (2)
8 amazing benefits of Moringa
Moringa tree as a whole is beneficial for health.
1. Good source of Calcium – Better than milk
Calcium is one of the most important minerals and it’s required for normal growth and proper bone development. Moringa leaves are rich in calcium and in a study done in 2015 it was found that 100g of moringa leaf provide 764 mg calcium in comparison to whole milk which only provides 121 mg of calcium (3).
2. Excellent source of Iron
Helps in curing anemia which affects women more than men. Women with pregnancy and women with heavy menstrual period are the major victim of anemia. Moringa leaves are rich in iron and as per research per 1000 mg of moringa leaf contains 28 mg iron which is more than beef as it contains only 2 mg iron (1).
3. Rich in zinc
Zinc is one of the important mineral required for normal growth. As deficiency of zinc causes problems associated with ill mental health, hair loss, low potency in male and poor immune system. Moringa leaves are therefore become an excellent source of zinc supplement as it contains 25-30 mg Zinc per kg.
4. High Potassium
Another important mineral which moringa have is potassium. Low potassium causes weakness, diarrhea sweating. Dry leaves of moringa contains 1236 mg potassium per 100g.
5. Vitamin C
Moringa is also rich in vitamin C. Per 100 g of leaves contains 6.80mg (3) vitamin. Vitamin C is important as it strengthen the immune system, acts against cardiovascular disease and prenatal birth problems.
6. Vitamin A
Vitamin A is an important source for proper bone development and reproduction and vision (3). Moringa leaves are rich in Vitamin A, 100 g of dry leaves of moringa contains around 6.8 mg Vitamin A.
7. Vitamin E:
Vitamin E is important for healthy skin, eyes and strengthening the natural defence of the body and improving immunity (5). Moringa is also rich in vitamin E, in a studies done showed that 100 g fresh leaves have 448 mg of vitamin E (1).
8. Rich in dietary Folate:
Moringa is rich in natural folate. Folate plays an essential role in proper brain, heart and spine development in newborns. Therefore folate rich diet is strongly recommended during pregnancy for proper development of the baby (4).