Portobello Mushroom Benefits & Side Effects

Medicinal mushrooms have been used from ancient time for the ailments of various diseases. Portobello mushroom or white button mushrooms are scientifically known as  Agaricus bisporus is one of the many traditionally used mushroom in China, Japan, and South Asia.

Portobello mushrooms are native to India, Europe, and North America. Total 90% of the mushrooms consumed in the United States is portobello mushroom and is therefore widely cultivated in the world.

What nutrients are present in Portobello mushrooms?

Portobello mushrooms are rich in vitamins, proteins, carbohydrates, minerals, and lipids. According to USDA nutrient database, per 100 g of mushroom contains following nutrient components (1)

 

S/N Nutrient Value per 100 g
1. Water 92.82 g
2. Energy 22 g
3. Protein 2.11 g
4. Total Lipid 0.35 g
5. Carbohydrate 3.87 g
6. Fiber 1.3 g
7. Sugar 2.50 g
8. Calcium 3 mg
9. Iron 0.31 mg
10. Phosphorus 108 mg
11. Potassium 364 mg
12. Sodium 9 mg

 

Portobello mushrooms also contain various vitamins like Vitamin A, E, D, K, B12, and B6. The mushrooms are therefore consumed for its rich nutrients and medicinal values.

10 Amazing health benefits of Portobello mushrooms

1. Prevents Breast Cancer

Portobello mushrooms help in reduction of estrogen level in the body thus prevents breast cancer. In a study done on women, it was found that mushrooms rich diet reduce the susceptibility of breast cancer up to 64%. Those women who take green tea and mushrooms on regular basis can reduce breast cancer risk up to 90% (2).

2. Antidiabetic

Portobello mushrooms are nutrient-rich therefore have various types of vitamins like A, D, B complex and high dietary fibers. Consuming mushroom regularly, therefore, helps in reduction and control diabetes by lowering blood glucose and cholesterol (4).

3. Healthy Heart

Portobello mushrooms help in the prevention of heart-related diseases. This mushroom contains a compound called lovastatin. This compound lowers the level of cholesterol in the blood serum and in the liver and is also anticancer in its activity. This lovastatin compound along to reducing cholesterol also helps in controlling type 2 diabetes (6).

4. Antioxidant property

A study done in the year 2013 shows that portobello mushrooms have strong antioxidant property. Eating mushrooms, therefore, helps in delay or inhibits oxidative damage of the cells of the body and hence protects the body from different types of cancers (5).

5. Rich Source of protein

Protein is the most important compound present in the mushrooms. Portabella mushrooms contain about 34 to 44 % of a protein depends upon the dry weight. Therefore these mushrooms are rich in protein along with other nutrient materials like carbohydrate, fat, sugars and vitamins and hence serve as an excellent substituent for meat (7).

6. Improves memory

Vitamin D is one of the essential vitamins for the proper development of the central nervous system. Deficiency of vitamin D causes serious neurological and psychiatric disorders. Portobello mushrooms are rich in dietary vitamin D supplements. Therefore consuming portabella mushrooms helps in keeping the central nervous system healthy (8).

7. Boost immunity

In a study done in the year 2008, it has been showed that portabella mushrooms help in enhancing the immune system of the body and contribute to antitumor property. Portabella mushrooms increase in dendritic cell maturation. Dendritic cells plays a very important role in immune response (9).

8. Stabilize blood pressure

Portabella mushrooms are high in potassium and are low in sodium. 100 g of mushroom contains 364 mg potassium and 9 mg sodium (1). Potassium helps in stabilizing the blood flow in the body, therefore, helps in maintaining normal blood pressure and reduces the risk of heart-related diseases and hypertension.

9. Smooth bowel movement

Portabella mushrooms are rich in dietary fiber. According to USDA nutrient database per 100 g of mushroom contains 1 g of dietary fiber (1). A healthy person needs 25-30 g of dietary fiber daily. Therefore consuming portabella mushrooms helps in reducing the consti[atinon problems and smoothens the bowel movement.

10. Antibacterial and antifungal

Consuming portobello mushrooms helps in controlling many different types of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Portabella mushrooms also help in controlling candida species. Therefore these mushrooms have a wide range of antibacterial and antifungal activity (10).

Side effects of Portobello mushrooms

1. Carcinogenic

Can be carcinogenic if consumed uncooked or undercooked because of a hydrazine derivative compounds (3).

2. Allergy

Spores of portobello mushrooms may cause skin allergy to respiratory allergy to some people.

Healthy easy recipe: Portobello mushroom saute (serving one person)

  • Take 2 to 3 mushrooms and wash it thoroughly
  • Take a pan add 1 tablespoon olive oil
  • 3 to 4  garlic cloves
  • Soya sauce
  • Origami 1 tablespoon
  • Spring onion chopped and other vegetables
  • Fry the above ingredient for 5 to 7 mins
  • Add some water or white wine
  • Add the washed portobello mushrooms and covered it for 5 mins and allow to cook
  • Open the lid and change the side of the mushroom and again allow to cook for another 5 mins.

References

  1. https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/foods/show/3013?manu=&fgcd=&ds
  2. Loganathan K, Jagadish, V, Venkata Krishnan R, et al., Comparative study on the antioxidant, antioxidant and antimicrobial property of Agaricus bisporus (J,E,Lange) imbach before and after boiling, Phytochemistry, 1994; 35: 573-577.
  3. http://pharmacologyonline.silae.it/files/newsletter/2010/vol2/55.Mirunalini.pdf
  4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2009.12.003
  5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2012.10.014
  6. doi: 10.15414/jmbfs.2017/18.7.3.281-286
  7. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11739882
  8. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0076362
  9. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18287364
  10. http://pharmacologyonline.silae.it/files/newsletter/2010/vol2/55.Mirunalini.pdf

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