How much saffron to use and its side effects

Saffron an introduction

Saffron is the dried red-orange stigma or thread of the flower. It is due to its low availability also known as red gold or golden spice. It is widely used for coloring, flavoring or cosmetics industries. Due to its immense health benefits, it is widely used in many herbal medicines.

The main health benefits of saffrons are it is aphrodisiac in nature and also improves sexual performance. Along with this daily intake with milk also improves sperm quality. Due to its high antioxidant properties, it is also used to treat liver, kidney, Premenstrual syndromes (PMSs), neurogenerative, respiratory and digestive disorders. But there is alway a limit of how much should use and side effects of using excess. So the next question arises that how much saffron should we take or use?

How much saffron should we take?

Daily intake of saffron up to 1.5 g/day has not been found any adverse effect. However, doses higher than 5 g are toxic, and at 20 g are lethal. A high dosage over 10 g may cause abortion, therefore, it should be avoided in pregnancy owing to its uterine stimulation activity (1).

Side effects of the high dose of Saffron (2,3)

  1. Nausea
  2. Head fullness
  3. Dizziness
  4. Vomiting
  5. Uterus bleeding
  6. Hematuria
  7. Gastrointestinal bleeding
  8. Anxiety
  9. Sedation
  10. Appetite suppression
  11. Skin yellowing
  12. Dry mouth
  13. Constipation
  14. Abdominal pain
  15. Damage to the nervous system

References

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22934747
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5747362/
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5339650/

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