Oxalis triangularis health benefits and its propagation

Introduction

Oxalis triangularis belong to family Oxalidaceae. Other names of this plant are purple shamrock or purple clover. This plant is an edible perennial plant and has purple beautiful leaves. Therefore this plant is also used as an indoor decorative plant. The leaves of this plant are sour therefore are appreciated for its great exotic taste. The plant has intensely purple leaves with a monomeric anthocyanin content of 195 mg/100 g on malvidin-3, 5-diglucoside basis, which makes them a potential source for natural colorants (1). Some of the Oxalis triangularis health benefits are as follows.

Botanical description

Common name

Triangular wood sorrel, Purple wood sorrel, False shamrock

Botanical description

The plant Oxalis triangularis is up to 20 to 40 cm tall. The leaves re three foliate and petioles are 5-15 cm. the leaflets are inverted and triangular in structure. It is sessile with dark purple and glossy appearance (2).

Oxalis triangularis health benefits

1. Antimicrobial properties of Oxalis triangularis

The leaves of this plant have anthocyanins abundant therefore possess antimicrobial property. The extract showed broad-spectrum antibacterial activity against all bacteria tested including Staphylococcus aureusBacillus cereusEscherichia coli, and Salmonella typhimurium (3).

2. Health benefits of acetylated anthocyanins present in the leaves

The leave of Oxalis triangularis contains acetylated anthocyanins called malvidin (4). These anthocyanins are in huge demand in the food colorant markets. As it gives a great alternative to artificial color and also very potent antioxidants (5).

How to grow Oxalis triangularis

The plant Oxalis triangularis mainly propagate via bulbs. The propagation of this plant is very simple and easy (6).

  • Take a full-grown plant and dig it up from a container or soil.
  • Gently remove the plant and wash it under running tap water.
  • Select the most healthy bulb with 2 to 3 shots and cut it properly with a sterilized blade or knife.
  • Pot the bulb in a fresh container having fresh fertile and well-drained soil.
  • Irrigate the plant for a few days until little Oxalis shoots come out. (Note: Do not overwater).

Important note: Oxalis triangularis is susceptible to fungal problems. When grown in a damp or shady environment like such as powdery mildew, rust, and fungal leaf spot (7).

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